Commonly called sponge gourd, loofa, vegetable sponge, bath sponge or dish cloth gourd, is a member of cucurbitaceouse family. 
The Sponge Gourd or Loofah (Luffa aegyptiaca) is widely valued for its interior fibers. Dried, these gourds are used for scrubbing and cleaning (among other uses). This plant is native to Asia (possibly India) and was first grown commercially in Japan in 1890. It was subsequently brought to the American tropics. Sponge Gourds are commonly used to exfoliate and cleanse the skin during bathing. (Prance 2004) This species has often been called L. cylindrica.
After mature Sponge Gourds are harvested, they are soaked in water to encourage decay of the outer fruit wall and inner pulp, then washed thoroughly to remove extraneous material. The remaining fiber is dried in the sun and bleached white. They are cultivated and naturalized across Africa, where they grow as weeds around cultivated crops and in disturbed habitats 
 The fruit contains triterpenoid saponins
The seed contains polypeptides.
Only the seed extracts contained the steroidals rings, while anthraquinones, tannins and phlobatinnins were not detected in any of the extracts.
Luffa offers many health benefits, women use luffa to restore absent menstrual periods. Nursing mothers use it to increase milk flow. 
It contains insulin-like peptides, alkaloids and charantin, all of which act together to lower blood and urine sugar levels without increasing blood insulin levels and is also beneficial for weight loss. 
It is low in saturated fat and cholesterol, high in dietary fibre, vitamin C, riboflavin, zinc, thiamin, iron, magnesium and manganese.
Anti-inflammatory as well as anti-biotic properties seemed to be related to this particular vegetable. It is just an excellent natural method of eliminating the toxic compounds through the entire body. 
It may also be utilized for liberation from intoxication. Luffa lowers cholesterol and helps with constipation, gas, and it’s a very good expectorant for respiratory problems. 
Luffa is great for liver problems and helps with jaundice and anaemia. The juice of the leaves is used as an external application to sores and the bites of venomous animals.
The juice of the fresh leaves is also dropped into the eyes of children in granular conjunctivitis, and also prevents the lids from adhering at night on account of adrenal variety of diabetes.
Luffa can be found in many varieties and some might have a bitter taste, peeling the skin off reduces bitterness but is not usually necessary. 
Care should be taken to avoid the immature-green fruits where the fibrous network has not begun developing, or the dried fruit will not be usable as a sponge.
Biological and medicinal uses of plant luffa cylindrical 
Plant is bitter tonic, emetic, diuretic and purgative and useful in asthma, skin diseases and splenic enlargement. It is used internally for rheumatism, backache, internal hemorrhage, chest pains as well as hemorrhoids. Young fruit can be eaten raw like cucumber or cooked like squash, while the young leaves, shoots, flower buds, as well as the flowers can be eaten after being lightly steamed. The seeds can be roasted as a snack, or pressed to produce oil. Externally, it is used for shingles and boils. The dried fruit fibers are used as abrasive sponges in skin care, to remove dead skin and to stimulate the circulation. The fruits are anthelmentic, carminative, laxative, depurative, emollient, expectorant, tonic and galactagogue and are useful in fever, syphilis, tumours, bronchitis, splenopathy and leprosy. The vine is most commonly grown for the fibrous interior of the fruits. Kernel of seed is expectorant, demulcent and used in dysentery. Seed oil is used in leprosy and skin diseases. Fruit is intensely bitter and fibrous. It has purgative property and is used for dropsy, nephritis, chronic bronchitis and lung complaints. It is also applied to the body in putrid fevers and jaundice.

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